1. Genetic Mutation (Anuvanshik Mutation): Jab DNA mein kuch asamanya tabdeeli hoti hai to wo cells cancerous ho sakte hain. Ye mutations anuvanshik ho sakti hain (matlab maa-baap se santaan ko milti hain) ya zindagi ke dauran kisi asar ke karan ho sakti hain, jaise ke radiation ya chemicals.
  2. Carcinogens (Cancer ko badhawa dene wale padarth): Kuch chemicals aur substances cancer ke kaaran ban sakte hain. Jaise, tobacco (tambaku) mein maujood chemicals, alcohol, aur kuch industrial chemicals jaise asbestos.
  3. Radiation: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation (sooraj ki kirne) aur ionizing radiation (jaise X-rays) se bhi DNA mein mutations ho sakti hain jo cancer ko janm de sakti hain.
  4. Virus aur Bacteria: Kuch infections bhi cancer ka kaaran ban sakte hain. Jaise, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) cervical cancer ka, aur Hepatitis B aur C liver cancer ka kaaran ban sakte hain.
  5. Lifestyle aur Environment: Poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity bhi kuch cancer types ka risk badhate hain. Environmental pollution bhi ismein yogdan de sakta hai.
  6. Hormonal Imbalances: Kuch hormonal changes bhi cancer ke kaaran ban sakte hain, jaise ki estrogen ka high level breast cancer ke risk ko badha sakta hai.

Cancer Ke Lakshan (Symptoms):

  • Unusual Lumps or Swelling: Sharir ke kisi bhi hissa mein ghath ya soojan.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: Bina kisi wajah ke wazan ka kam hona.
  • Fatigue: Behad thakaan.
  • Pain: Continuous dard jo samay ke sath badh raha ho.
  • Skin Changes: Til, masa ya skin ka rang badalna.
  • Persistent Cough or Hoarseness: Lagatar khansi ya gale mein kharash.

Diagnosis aur Treatment:

Cancer ko diagnose karne ke liye biopsy, blood tests, imaging tests (jaise X-rays, MRI, CT scans) ka use hota hai. Treatment options mein surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, aur targeted therapy shamil hain.

Cancer ka early detection aur timely treatment bahut important hai kyunki ye survival rates ko kaafi had tak badha sakta hai. Regular screenings aur healthy lifestyle apna kar risk ko kam kiya ja sakta hai.

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